By D. Allan Bromley (auth.)
In this notable travel d'horizon, D. Allan Bromley makes use of the celebration of the centenary of the yankee actual Society to mirror upon the expansion of physics over the last a hundred years, its fragmentation into quite a few subdisciplines, the effect physics has had upon sleek expertise, and the re-emergence of the basic solidarity of the self-discipline in recent times. 1000s of ancient illustrations accompany the textual content. Bromley conveys a lot of the thrill and sweetness that learn in physics generated within the twentieth century and asks what new issues are in shop within the subsequent century. He covers such themes as relativity and quantum mechanics, the ny venture, superconductivity, transistors and the revolution caused via solid-state electronics, protein folding, the makes use of of nuclear and atomic physics in biology and medication, plate tectonics, the growth of the universe and the massive Bang, and gravitational radiation. Bromley, the Sterling Professor of the Sciences and Dean of Yale collage, served as Assistant to the President for technology and expertise coverage 1989-1993 and used to be president of the yankee actual Society in 1997. one of many World's major nuclear scientists, he used to be founder and director of Yale's nuclear constitution laboratory and has bought various medals and awards, together with the nationwide Medal of Science.
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Extra info for A Century of Physics
Stone. ) FIGURE 30 25 26 AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW, 1900-1949 On December 2, 1963, exactly ten years after he was charged with being a security risk, J. Robert Oppenheimer received the Fermi Award from President Lyndon Johnson. After the White House ceremony, Edward Teller, who had won the same award in 1962, warmly congratulated his long-time colleague. Teller's role in the Oppenheimer hearings and the differences between them, particularly with reference to the development of the H bomb, had much to do with the establishment of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
S. science policy during the first several decade of the twenty-first century. THE MANHATTAN PROJECT I have my own one-sentence definition of what our science policy should be. It is the following: In those areas of science where our American activities do not define the frontiers, we must be working close enough to these frontiers so that we can exploit, without delay, discoveries and breakthroughs wherever and whenever made. The Manhattan Project, like the Apollo project, were fundamentally engineering activities, but physicists played a major role in both (particularly the Manhattan Project).
FIGURE 35 MATERIALS SCIENCE Frederick Seitz in 1937. ) FIGURE 36 33 34 AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW, 1900- 1949 At the Shelter Island Conference in 1947. From the left: Willis Lamb (1955), Abraham Pais, John Wheeler, Richard Feynman (1965), Herman Feshbach, and Julian Schwinger (1965). ) FIGURE 31 past two decades. Recent developments have made it clear that we can expect Moore's Law to be valid for at least the next five to seven years. Our ability to understand, to probe, and to structure surfaces has opened up entirely new areas of study in catalysis and corrosion resistance, and an entirely new understanding of phenomena such as friction and adhesion.