By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary supplies a accomplished survey of the entire variety of old close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the imperative types of old structure inside their geographical and historic context, and describes beneficial properties of significant websites akin to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a number of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of regular historical architectural buildings comparable to pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and methods hired, and clarifies expert terminology.
0203041070 grasp book ISBN
0203199650 (Adobe eReader structure)
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Arad was flourishing during the period of the First Egyptian dynasty (c. 3100– 2890 BC) when it was an important waystation for Egyptian caravans journeying to the Dead Sea. The town was surrounded by a curved wall strengthened by semicircular towers which followed the contours of the hill. The houses were well built and mostly of one type, with a broad central room furnished with a stone table, and adjacent kitchens and utility rooms in the courtyard. A DOUBLE SANCTUARY was found, of a BREITRAUM-cella type as in MEGIDDO.
It is therefore not surprising that baked bricks were only used exceptionally in Ancient Near Eastern architecture; as a rule, only on such parts of a building that were likely to be exposed to damp (in courtyards, bathrooms, drains, the revetment of ziggurats, foundation walls near rivers etc). In Egypt, baked bricks were not employed before the Roman period at all. In Mesopotamia, they were used on an unprecedented scale during the NeoBabylonian period (see BABYLON). bamah Hebrew word translated as ‘High Place’ in the English version of the Old Testament where it is mentioned unfavourably alongside the ‘groves’ as a pagan cult place.
At the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, Assyrian merchants were responsible for much of the trade in precious metals and other commodities conducted with Anatolia and southern Mesopotamia. Around 1400 BC Assyria emerged as a major political power and gradually extended its territorial and military supremacy until it grew into an empire that dominated the whole of the Near East including Egypt, until it collapsed around 610 BC under the combined onslaught of Medes and Babylonians. Assyria’s rise to glory was achieved by a highly efficient army, fighting countless wars, and an equally well-organised administration in the many dependent provinces.