By Paul Tennant
This booklet provides the 1st complete remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to envision the fashionable political historical past of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and offers designated cognizance to the newest court docket judgements, executive regulations, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and continues to be, the atmosphere for the main severe and protracted calls for by means of local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims by means of governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. supplying a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have so much different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once principally chargeable for the long run process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia all started their land claims before everything of white payment and continued regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and govt officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this ebook as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who this day have extra energy and solidarity than ever sooner than. the writer has performed wide interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the interior workings of presidency companies and Indian political agencies. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the college of British Columbia.". This ebook is meant for.
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Additional info for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
For Indians, land claims negotiations are important not only because of thé land, but also because they will signify that governments, and thé non-Indian public, are acknowledging something of thé historié and thé présent importance of Indian peoples. ) Government refusai to negotiate is thus taken as being much more than a refusai to talk about land; it is taken as belittling thé worth and identity of Indian peoples. In thé Indian view, contemporary communities and tribal groups hâve thé same essential connection with thé land as did those same communities and tribal groups at contact.
Now thé way is left open for government officiais to détermine thé size and location of reserves. Under thé treaties existing aboriginal title is left unaffected on thé portions of land not sold by thé Indians. Under Douglas's System Indians would hâve no ultimate control over thé use or disposition of reserve lands—to allow it would be to acknowledge some continuing traditional authority and communal land ownership. The Douglas "System" 31 Officiais would be able to lease or even sell reserve lands (but only to Whites) to benefit thé Indians.
Hère, it is not disputed that aboriginal peoples and cultures may hâve existed in pristine, even sophisticated, form before contact, but it is assumed that they hâve since been subject to irrésistible and irréversible décline and contamination as interbreeding occurred and cultures changed. This approach assesses continuity of identity, and thus of rights, by thé criteria of racial purity and persistence of culture éléments (such as language, religion, clothing, food, weapons, and means of transport).