By Kwan S. Kim, Fumio Maki, Ryoshin Minami, Joung-hae Seo
Economic development calls for technological improvement, which in flip is determined by a country's social potential to procure, assimilate, and strengthen new applied sciences. targeting the evolution of Japan's economic system from the Meiji recovery to the current day, this quantity presents an authoritative account, firmly grounded in theoretical and empirical research, of the country's makes an attempt to generate the mandatory social skill for technological innovation and absorption. Successive chapters handle the explicit studies of a couple of key eastern industries in this strategy. every one commercial case learn is written through an said specialist within the box and provides fabric of vital curiosity to experts in monetary improvement in a sort that also is available to the nonspecialist. The ebook concludes with a precis of beneficial classes, variously appropriate to international locations in any respect the various levels of industrialization.
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Additional info for Acquiring, Adapting and Developing Technologies: Lessons from the Japanese Experience
The growth rate is calculated based on sevenyear moving averages. 13. 26. 14. 28, 30. 15. Minami (1993), Table 5-4. Figures for 1970 and 1987 are seven-year and five-year averages, respectively. 16. 25, 156. 17. Reverse engineering is essentially imitation and adaptation without any formal agreement with the innovator. 9). 18. More specifically, channels (h) and (i) were relied on as main sources of the transfer in the cotton-spinning industry, (e) and (f) in the silk-reeling industry, (f) and (i) in the weaving industry, and (h) and (i) in the shipbuilding industry.
47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 180). 367. For similar findings, see Blumenthal (1979). 226. 390-1. 390-1. 108-9. 232-3. As for the Japanese internal labour market, see Galenson and Odaka (1976), and Koike (1987). 233. 129. 269. 279-82. In the early phase of industrialization, the traditional craftsmen played an important role in technology transfer. Given their experiences in indigenous technologies, they could quick master the knowledge of foreign machines and instruments and succeeded in developing hybrid technologies through the process of repairing, breaking up and reassembling.
Given their experiences in indigenous technologies, they could quick master the knowledge of foreign machines and instruments and succeeded in developing hybrid technologies through the process of repairing, breaking up and reassembling. The episode of Sakichi Toyoda is the best example. The development of appropriate technologies is owed basically to the legacy of the Tokugawa Period. 290. For the comparative history of the technological development between Japanese and Indian cotton-spinning industry, see Otsuka, Ranis and Saxonhouse (1988).