Download Activity Theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections by Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi PDF

By Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi

ISBN-10: 1608457052

ISBN-13: 9781608457052

Task thought -- a conceptual framework initially built through Aleksei Leontiev -- has its roots within the socio-cultural culture in Russian psychology. The foundational proposal of the speculation is human task, that is understood as practical, mediated, and transformative interplay among people and the area. because the early Nineteen Nineties, job idea has been a visual landmark within the theoretical panorama of Human-Computer interplay (HCI). besides another frameworks, resembling disbursed cognition and phenomenology, it confirmed itself as a number one post-cognitivist technique in HCI and interplay layout. during this e-book we speak about the conceptual foundations of task conception and its contribution to HCI research.
After making the case for conception in HCI and in brief discussing the contribution of task conception to the sphere (Chapter One) we introduce the ancient roots, major rules, and rules of task conception (Chapter Two). After that we current in-depth analyses of 3 matters which we ponder of certain significance to present advancements in HCI and interplay layout, specifically: organization (Chapter Three), adventure (Chapter Four), and activity-centric computing (Chapter Five). We finish the ebook with reflections on demanding situations and customers for additional improvement of job idea in HCI (Chapter Six).

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Additional resources for Activity Theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections

Sample text

THE CONCEPT OF ACTIVITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHE 23 The use of tools is closely related to other factors influencing the development of the mind, namely, the use of language and the division of labor. Continuing the cultural-historical tradition of using the tool metaphor for understanding the role of signs and symbols in the functioning and development of the mind, Leontiev focused on the role of tools in the development of concepts. Concepts have a general meaning applicable to a variety of concrete situations and experiences.

1999). Mediation. Arguably, mediation is the primary dimension along which human beings differ from other animals. It is mediation that has made homo sapiens such a successful species. While we do not have sharp claws and thick fur, we compensate by employing mediating artifacts such as hammers, knives, and warm clothes. In fact, all key distinctive features of humans, such as language, society, and culture, the production and use of advanced tools, all involve mediation. They represent different aspects of the same phenomenon, that is, the emergence of a complex system of objects and structures, both material and immaterial, which serve as mediating means embedded in the interaction between human beings and the world.

Some cultural practices and many rituals do not seem to be healthy, sensible, or even pleasant. , Maslow (1968)) nor does it provide strict criteria to differentiate motives from non-motives. Human needs are always developing, so it is impossible in principle to give a definitive description of all possible needs and motives. What activity theory does propose is a conceptual framework to bridge the gap between motivation and action. Activity theory provides a coherent account for processes at various levels of acting in the world.

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