Download Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary by John Kendrick PDF

By John Kendrick

ISBN-10: 0773518304

ISBN-13: 9780773518308

Malaspina arrived in Spain with a systematic heritage and an ardent curiosity within the philosophy of the Enlightenment. a talented navigator, the Pacific voyage on which he sailed in 1789 was once the final and most vital of his occupation - a five-year medical and political exam of the Spanish colonies within the Americas and the Philippines. He appraised the British colony at Sydney Cove and Tonga, permitting him to check lifestyles at a spot nearly untouched via eu touch with the placement within the colonies. Malaspina ultimately lower back to Spain, the place he used to be obtained via King Charles IV. He was once commissioned to provide a piece protecting all elements of his experiences that might identify Spain's recognition as a contemporary enlightened country. Malaspina instructed the King that this is able to be completed provided that he brushed aside all of his ministers and changed them with a slate of Malaspina's selecting who might again his visionary rules. This likely naive notion ended in a unanimous vote by way of the council that his plan used to be fake, seditious, and injurious to the sovereignty in their Majesties, and he was once sentenced to 10 years imprisonment within the citadel of San Antón. on the urging of Napoleon he was once published after 8 years and exiled to Italy, the place he died in 1810, simply because the revolts within the Americas have been beginning, as he had estimated. utilizing Malaspina's writings, together with the magazine of his nice voyage and his own letters, John Kendrick makes the lifetime of this impressive guy on hand for the 1st time in English.

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Extra info for Alejandro Malaspina: Portrait of a Visionary

Sample text

Courtesy of Museo Naval, Madrid •3• The Spanish Officer Malaspina went directly to Spain from Malta where he was enrolled as a guardiamarina in the midshipmen's college at San Fernando, near Cadiz, on 18 November 1774. * The time interval is so short that it is entirely possible Malaspina never attended the college. His career was off to an extremely fast start which, since he had had no time to demonstrate his extraordinary abilities, argues for the continuing presence of a powerful influence on the part of his family or the Order of Malta.

Two other accounts by Malaspina of his initial contacts with the viceroy appear in the first and third drafts of the journal. The first draft reads: "Immediately the corvette [Descubierta] anchored at Callao, as soon as Ship Lieutenant Cayetano Valdés was sent [to Lima] and I myself went in the afternoon ... " The third draft, the one used by Novo y Colson, puts Valdés's errand in these words: "Immediately Descubierta anchored at Callao, as soon as Ship Lieutenant Cayetano Lima, the capital of Peru, which Malaspina visited during the Astrea voyage and again both outbound and homebound on his final voyage.

Quality food, suitable clothing for all climates, ventilation, and cleanliness of the ship were the means of securing the latter. "13 Barrels of sauerkraut and casks of sherry from Sanlúcar were carried as antiscorbutics. The value of these in combatting scurvy is doubtful, but Malaspina also carried an assortment of livestock, which might have been more effective. Six weeks out Malaspina called a council of his officers to discuss the route, enlisting Agote as secretary. The ship was close to the Tropic of Capricorn, and Cape Horn lay ahead.

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